I knew that I was going to be attending a totally different type of conference than I had ever been to before when I received the following instructions on additional items to pack: (1) my own mug with which to drink coffee or tea (“we will go green in this conference as much as possible”), (2) 3 oz. of water “from a source of nature near your home” to be offered during “opening worship,” and (3) a small, modest, pre-owned, homemade, or inexpensive “earth-honoring gift for exchange.”
When this blog goes live, the second day of the PANAAWTM Annual Conference will be in full swing at San Francisco Theological Seminary. PANAAWTM stands for “Pacific, Asian, and North American Asian Women in Theology and Ministry.” Its deepest origins can be traced to two sources: (1) Asian American women in theology and ministry in the West Coast who, with the help of Bishop Roy I. Sano, had begun networking among themselves in the late 1970s, (2) a small group of women who, under the assistance of trailblazing feminist theologian Letty Russell, also first came together in 1984 to “explore common interests and the possibility of forming a network” (n.b., these women had come predominantly from Asia and were either pursuing graduate theological education or working in ministry in the United States).
Today, PANAAWTM’s goals are as follows:
- To facilitate the development of theologies in our own voices;
- To provide a group in which we are able to support one another and exchange ideas;
- To support our ministry and leadership in our churches, our educational institutions, and the larger society;
- To increase our contribution to the development of Third World and other liberation theologies;
- To participate actively in the feminist theological conversations in the United States and Canada.
My attendance here this weekend will mark not only my first time at PANAAWTM, but also my first time ever participating in an all-women conference. On top of that, I’ll be sharing these experiences with fellow attendees who are also all of some Asian heritage and heavily and unabashedly steeped in feminist theology, liturgy, ethics, and other scholarly/activist/spiritual pursuits. Simply put, this ain’t your daddy’s conference!
The opening panel, which was open to the public and held at the Chapel of the Pacific School of Religion (a longtime supporter of PANAAWTM), was amazing. The 2012 theme is “Abundant Life and Unjust Prosperity” and each panelist spoke out her expertise and passion.
- Gale Yee (Nancy W. King Professor of Biblical Studies, Episcopal Divinity School) began with the provocative bumper sticker pictured below, explained the true meaning of shalom, and then proceeded to describe how Jesus came to liberate people from material, not just spiritual, poverty. She invited us to reconceptualize Mary, the mother of Jesus/God not as the white, upper class, royal looking “lady” of many portraits, but as a dark-skinned, poor, and racial-ethnically/religiously/and politically oppressed outsider.
- Nadine Cruz (Consultant on Pedagogies of Engagement in Higher Education) spoke soberly about disturbing trends in the academy—the commodification of “service-learning” and disvaluing of indigenous and nonWestern forms of knowledge chief among them. She also explained why she is ambivalent about the popular rhetoric in the U.S. of the 99%.: from her vantage point as someone who has come from the Philippines, the majority of the world is the 99% while the U.S. as a whole represents the 1%. Still, she offered us two case-studies of peoples who have acted courageously with “moral brilliance” and discussed (especially during the Q&A) the importance of creating spaces to begin to imagine (not simply move hastily to strategize) what genuine alternatives to empire could look like.
Rita Nakashima Brock outside of the interfaith tent at the Occupy Oakland encampment on Frank Ogawa Plaza on November 2, 2011. Photo by Amina Waheed. (Image source)
- Finally, Rita Nakashima Brock (Director, Faith Voices for the Common Good), provided both statistical analysis of the distribution of wealth (comparatively and historically, within the U.S. and across the world) and firsthand accounts of her experiences with Occupy Oakland. She offered an inspiring account of the worldwide reach and effects of various encampments (thus linking the events of Zuccotti Park with Tahrir Square with UC Davis, etc.). She also spoke of those in the Occupy Oakland as incarnating an alternative vision to the status quo – free food, free healthcare, free education, free childcare, status based on participation and not on pedigree or conventional hierarchies, and so forth.
As I prepare to go to sleep, my mind keeps flashing back to the debates we had about lesbian separatism (both the movement and the concept) in my fall 2012 semester Feminist Ethics seminar. While most of my students (straight or queer) ultimately could not endorse permanent separation based on any socially significant distinction (in, e.g., religion, race, sex, sexuality), almost all of them recognized the value of women-only (or race-specific, etc.) spaces—spaces where persons in the relevant social group could enter into and out of for the purposes of communal belonging and solidarity, play and rejuvenation, professional development and networking, mobilization and collective action, and still other ends.
By the end of this conference, it is my hope and anticipation that I will have experienced all of that. And may it be that the five students from my home institution who have come along with me will end up feeling the same way.
Grace Yia-Hei Kao is Associate Professor of Ethics at Claremont School of Theology. She is the author of Grounding Human Rights in a Pluralist World (Georgetown University Press, 2011) and is currently working on a second book project on Asian American Christian Ethics. Read more about her work on her website.
She hopes that the organically-grown-with-love kumquats from her mother-in-law’s tree (“water from a source of nature close to you”) and the flower brooch she made with materials in her home (“an earth-honoring gift for exchange”) will be satisfactory.
Categories: Academy, Activism, Asian American, Christianity, Ethics, Feminism, Feminist Theology, General, Mariology, Race and Ethnicity, Social Justice, Spirituality, Women and Ministry, Women in the Church