Troubling Our Souls: Selling Arms to Saudi Arabia, the War in Yemen, and the US Military Industrial Complex by Carol P. Christ

There is a very big elephant in the room. Apparently it is invisible because even the left is not discussing it. This elephant is the civil war in Yemen to which Saudi Arabia has contributed 19,000 (19,000!) deadly (deadly!) air strikes that have been alleged to have caused 60,000 (60,000!) civilian (civilian!) deaths (deaths!). These air strikes have been carried out with arms purchased from the US and its allies. The UN estimates that 22.2 million Yemeni civilians are in need of immediate humanitarian aid and that 13 million are at the risk of starvation. Yet a Saudi-led blockade is preventing food and other supplies from entering the country.

In the wake of the disappearance of legal American resident and Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi, the left castigates Saudi Arabia for a vicious murder. The US President warns congress not to cut off arms deals with Saudia Arabia because to do so would threaten more than half a million US jobs in the military industrial complex.

In January 1961, another US President, former general Dwight D. Eisenhower spoke of the threat to US democracy posed by what he named “the military industrial complex”:

Until the latest of our world conflicts, the United States had no armaments industry. American makers of plowshares could, with time and as required, make swords as well. But now we can no longer risk emergency improvisation of national defense; we have been compelled to create a permanent armaments industry of vast proportions. Added to this, three and a half million men and women are directly engaged in the defense establishment. We annually spend on military security more than the net income of all United States corporations.

This conjunction of an immense military establishment and a large arms industry is new in the American experience. The total influence — economic, political, even spiritual — is felt in every city, every State house, every office of the Federal government. We recognize the imperative need for this development. Yet we must not fail to comprehend its grave implications. Our toil, resources and livelihood are all involved; so is the very structure of our society.

He continued:

In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military industrial complex. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist.

We must never let the weight of this combination endanger our liberties or democratic processes. We should take nothing for granted. Only an alert and knowledgeable citizenry can compel the proper meshing of the huge industrial and military machinery of defense with our peaceful methods and goals, so that security and liberty may prosper together.

He concluded:

Disarmament, with mutual honor and confidence, is a continuing imperative. Together we must learn how to compose differences, not with arms, but with intellect and decent purpose. Because this need is so sharp and apparent I confess that I lay down my official responsibilities in this field with a definite sense of disappointment. As one who has witnessed the horror and the lingering sadness of war — as one who knows that another war could utterly destroy this civilization which has been so slowly and painfully built over thousands of years — I wish I could say tonight that a lasting peace is in sight.

Dwight D. Eisenhower, my father, and others who fought in World War II believed that it was “the war to end all wars.” Dwight D. Eisenhower’s disappointment as he left office was based not only on his recognition that this widely-shared hope not been fulfilled, but also in his fear that the military industrial complex would come to dominate American politics in the future—dashing all hopes for achieving peace on earth.

Sadly, this warning has gone largely unheeded.

I am appalled that my favorite commentators on MSNBC are failing to discuss 60,000 deaths caused by weapons purchased primarily from the US as they lament the loss of their colleague Jamal Khashoggi. I am outraged that they fail to discuss the domination of the military industrial complex in American politics as they lament the loss of their colleague.

In the lead-up to the 2018 midterm elections, I received numerous questionnaires asking which progressive issues I viewed as most important. It seemed ridiculous to ask me if I ranked women’s rights above or below climate change or the minimum wage. But what really upset me was that I was not even being asked even to rank my commitment to cutting the military budget and ending endless war.

That these questions cannot even be asked on the left—except by my congresswoman Barbara Lee—is searing and saddening testimony to the very powers that President Eisenhower warned us about.

Eisenhower said that the threat posed by military industrial complex is “economic, political, and even spiritual.” He spoke about “disarmament” as “imperative.” He spoke of the “horror and lingering sadness of war.” The fact that these words are not at the forefront of national conversations today is a measure of the spiritual (yes spiritual!) crisis we face as a nation. This spiritual crisis is not caused by Trump or the Republicans but has been contributed to by Republicans and Democrats alike, in thrall to war and the miltary industrial complex on an equal opportunity basis.

If one Saudi journalist murdered by the Saudi government matters, should not 60,000 (60,000!) civilians (civilians!) murdered by Saudi weapons procured primarily from the US military industrial complex matter even more?

Women and children are the primary victims of war. Rape is an ordinary weapon of war. As women cry out against the violation of our bodies and souls, let us remember this: War is a feminist issue!


Carol P. Christ is an internationally known feminist writer, activist, and educator living in Greece. Carol’s recent book written with Judith Plaskow, Goddess and God in the World: Conversations in Embodied Theology, is on Amazon. A Serpentine Path: Mysteries of the Goddess is on sale for $9.99 on Amazon. Carol  has been leading Goddess Pilgrimage to Crete for over twenty years: join her in Crete. Carol’s photo by Michael Honneger.

Carol will be speaking at the 25th Anniversary Celebration of the Re-Imagining Conference at Hamline University in St. Paul Minnesota on November 1 and 3; 

at the Parliament of Religions in Toronto, Canada on November 5 at 4:15 to 5:45pm at The Metro Toronto Convention Centre (MTCC) located at 222 Bremner Blvd, Toronto, ON M5V 3L9, Canada. Registration required;

and at Memorial University of Newfoundland on November 8-10 (information: 709 864 4538 or

Author: Carol P. Christ

Carol P. Christ is a leading feminist historian of religion and theologian who leads the Goddess Pilgrimage to Crete, a life transforming tour for women.

23 thoughts on “Troubling Our Souls: Selling Arms to Saudi Arabia, the War in Yemen, and the US Military Industrial Complex by Carol P. Christ”

  1. yes indeed Carol … this needs to be spoken. As far as I know the only political party that asks those questions about war is the Socialist Equality Party … though still missing the dimension of it being a spiritual crisis, and the connection to feminist understanding.

    Liked by 2 people

  2. Thank you, Carol. I believe it is of paramount importance to bring this out –front and center! I have quoted Eisenhower many times on the military, industrial (and now medical complex) issue. Good luck on your speaking tour, strength and power in women’s wisdom!

    Liked by 1 person

  3. Thank you Carol for the story with in story….. I have always been alarmed at the story that “WE” must disarm nations of their weapons of war – and “WHO” is the largest maker, supplier and contributor of war weapons around the world? ……. USA …… and yet who tells “THEM” hey – how about your disarmament? How is that going? …….”military industrial complex” – war business is alive and going really well for some in USA…… The enemy, the destroyer of 60,000 lives….. USA take a bow!

    Liked by 2 people

  4. Brava! Many years ago, I worked as a technical editor for a construction company that had many contracts in Saudi Arabia. One booklet I edited was a “visitors guide” to the kingdom for new construction workers. The booklet was explicit about the status of women in the kingdom and about how warlike the rulers were. They murdered people then. They still do. Has anything changed in Saudi Arabia just because a few women are allowed to drive cars now? Nothing has changed. It’s a dreadful land.

    Liked by 1 person

  5. I want to add my voice to yours, Carol, and to the voices of the women who’ve responded.To quote Margaret Mead: “Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world. Indeed, it’s the only thing that ever has.”

    Liked by 2 people

  6. Reading this essay appalls me, not because it isn’t true but because it’s more than true. Why are we not screaming these atrocities from the roof tops? When I read an essay like this one I feel SANE… someone notices and guess what, she ‘s a woman, an international scholar…. what is it going to take for people to pay attention? I am already sick to death of hearing the democrats will save us in November…. that as soon as they get in… blah blah blah… fill in the blank – when BOTH PARTIES are responsible. WE as a nation are responsible… thank you for this aching reminder that nothing is as it should be.

    Liked by 1 person

  7. This is a great piece that is not expected from a western feminist and spiritual person. Tackling the issue of militarism and US meddling in Middle East politics is quite tricky and one who has a keen sense of history and strong moral grounding can indeed be a powerful voice. It is admirable to see American and western women activists hit the issue hard which indirectly translates to helping the cause of women/sisters in these war-torn societies. More power Ms. Christ.

    Liked by 2 people

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