A green solution to the economic crisis insists that people and the environment can be saved together. We must dare to envision prosperity in conjunction with sustainability, social justice, nonviolence, and participatory democracy.

A rational analysis would make it clear that the Greek people did not “create” the economic crisis. Yet the poor and middle classes are being asked to “pay” for it. There is massive corruption in the public sector in Greece. But this should not blind us to the fact that the Greek people do not bear the major responsibility for creating the crisis. Those responsible include:

Greece has a huge national debt. I have yet to see a rational analysis indicating how much of it is due to interest rates on the national debt, how much to the military budget, how much to spending on the Olympic Games, how much to nonpayment of taxes, how much to graft, and how much to the items in the budget that Europe has asked Greece to cut, including public salaries, health care, public works, and pensions.  A first step in a rational European economic policy would be to lower the 26% interest rate on the Greek debt. 

Greek politicians (the 10%) share some of the blame. Former Minister of Defense Akis Tsohatzopoulos reportedly told a judge that “one day” 2,000,000 E “appeared” in his bank account and that he had “no idea” where the money came from. Government officials must be punished and made to pay back the money they have stolen from the public. Because so many are involved, this will require a complete break from the two major political parties.

Yet a Minister of Defense could not have gotten so rich if Greece had a rational military budget.  We need to move higher up to find those who created the problem.  It is a well-kept secret that while Greece was cutting wages and pensions and imposing new taxes in 2010, it was spending 1 billion E on French and German weapons, with a total of 7.1 billion E on all military spending.  It is almost impossible to speak of cutting the military budget because the international military industrial complex is too powerful. A rational economic policy for Greece (and Europe) must involve major cuts in military budgets.

The “solution” to the Greek economic crisis proposed by the European Union is “Austerity” packages combined with loans to pay the interest (but not the principal) on the Greek debt.  Since the imposition of the 1st “Austerity” package, sales taxes have risen to 23%. Taxes have been imposed on primary residences, many of which are owned by the elderly whose pensions have been reduced. Public sector salaries and pensions have been cut beyond any rational minimum. Small businesses are struggling; many have already closed. More than 20% of the population is unemployed, while youth unemployment may be over 40%. The new “Austerity” package will require more cuts. The euro itself introduced inflation in prices with no increase in salaries. The new taxes make survival almost impossible for many.

The Greek people voted “against” the two major parties and “against” the 2nd “Austerity” package already negotiated with the European Union. The 90% and the 99% are being asked to pay for a situation created by the 10% and the 1%. The “Austerity” packages are not a solution as they do not pay down the debt. The best hope for Greece is a coalition government with new voices that can convince the European Union to renegotiate the terms of the second “Austerity” package. Such a new package should focus on lowering the 26% interest rate on the national debt, taxing the rich, going after tax evaders and corrupt politicians, drastically cutting the military budget, and reducing the intolerable burden already being paid by pensioners, the poor, and the middle classes.

A green solution to the economic crisis insists that people and the environment can be saved together. Green proposals for the economy include attending to island issues, recycling, promoting Greek organic products and olive oil, year-around ecotourism, local planning for sustainable energy, and preserving the natural beauty of Greece. We must dare to envision prosperity in conjunction with sustainability, social justice, nonviolence, and participatory democracy. We are the 99%.

Carol P. Christ is running in the Greek national elections on the Green Party ticket.  She has worked with Friends of Green Lesbos and WWF-Greece to protect wetlands in Lesbos and with Lesvos Go Green on recycling. Her books include She Who Changes and Rebirth of the Goddess and the widely used anthologies Womanspirit Rising and Weaving the Visions.  One of her great joys is leading Goddess Pilgrimages to Crete through Ariadne Institute

Author: Carol P. Christ

Carol P. Christ is a leading feminist historian of religion and theologian who leads the Goddess Pilgrimage to Crete, a life transforming tour for women.


  1. Is this an eye-opener, or what??? Yes, we are all the 99%, and women around the world seem to be 98% of the 99%. Women around the world–along with their hungry children–seem to be at the bottom of the socioeconomic ladder. Changing the metaphor, I wonder if the 1% (I’m thinking specifically of people like The Donald along with many politicians) aren’t at the bottom of the food chain. I keep thinking that Gaia–our blessed Mother Earth–is going to get Very Annoyed and shake off the fleas one of these days.


  2. We have been having unseasonable rainstorms in Greece the past 10 days. My roof is leaking and a young man is coming to fix it next week. When I asked his advice about leaking caused by last night’s downpour, he responded, “I don’t know what is causing all this rain.” I said, “I know, it is called ‘global warming’ and that is why I am running on the Green Party ticket to save Greece and the planet.” He laughed nervously.


  3. Do you think it would be better in some ways for Greece to cut ties with the EU and forge its own new, local-based economy? That is, are the structural problems that caused this crisis so inherent to the EU that any agreements with them will preclude the changes actually needed in Greece?


  4. That may well be the case, Paul Krugman has been arguing that for several years. The other option is for the EU as a whole to devalue their currency.

    In the big picture neither the EU nor the US are willing to regulate the 1% or to cut military budgets substantially, and unless that happens, there is little hope of a solution.


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