Goddess as Love: From Experience To Thealogy by Carol P. Christ

If theology is rooted in experience, how do we move from experience to theology? In my life there have been a number of key moments of “revelation” that have shaped my thealogy. One of these was the moment of my mother’s death.

In 1991 my mother was diagnosed with cancer. While she was being treated, I realized that I had never loved anyone as much as I loved her. When I wrote that to her, she responded that “this was the nicest letter” she “had ever received” in her life and she invited me to come home to be with her and my Dad.

My mother died only a few weeks after I arrived, in her own bed as she wished. She was on an oxygen machine, and I heard her call out in the dark of early morning. When my Dad got to the room, he tried to turn up the oxygen, but it didn’t help. Then he called the doctor who reminded him that my mother did not want to go to the hospital under any circumstances.

My Dad then sat by my mother’s bed and held her hand.  As my mother died, I felt that the room was” filled with love.” I sensed that my mother was “going to love.”

Before that moment, I had often felt that I was not loved enough. These feelings intensified whenever my love affairs broke up. I would feel helpless and abandoned and could think only that “no one loves me, no one will ever love me, I might as well die.” Although my life continues to have its ups and downs, and I still have not found my “true love,” from the moment when the room filled with love as my mother died to this, I have never doubted I am loved.

Prior to my mother’s death I was also unsure of who or what I thought the Goddess is.  I was sure that God did not “act in history,” a  view I had adopted from Gerhard Von Rad’s biblical theology while in college and abandoned while writing my dissertation on the holocaust.  I had grown up with the notion that God is love, and I had also experienced the presence of God in nature, a view largely denied by my theology professors and theologians of the twentieth century.  I turned to the Goddess because she is a woman like myself and also because she represented the life force in nature and its seasons and cycles.  But I was not sure if Goddess is a personal presence who loves and understands or the life force itself.  Because of this uncertainty, I had been unable to complete my Goddess thealogy.  After my mother died, I came to understand Goddess as “the intelligent embodied love that is the ground of all being.”

The experience I had as my mother died did not come with any words except “filled with love” and “going to love.” I did not feel Goddess loves me or God loves me or that my mother was loved by Goddess or God. I also did not feel that my mother was entering into eternal life. I simply felt the palpable presence of love in the room as she died.

Reflecting on this experience, I came to the conclusion that Goddess is love. This is not primarily an intellectual interpretation of my experience of my mother’s death, though it is that as well. Most importantly, it is a feeling that permeates my daily life which was made possible by the experience I had when my mother died. I feel the Goddess as a presence who understands and loves me and the whole world. I feel that love is everywhere and that, as Alice Walker’s Shug told Celie, everything wants to be loved.

I recognize that the power I call Goddess may also be called God. However, the word God is too bound up with images of war, violence, and domination for me to feel comfortable using it in my prayers and meditations. I acknowledge that I have had troubled relationships with my father and fathers, while in contrast my relationships with my mother and grandmothers were full of love. This makes it easy for me to imagine the loving arms of Goddess embracing the world.

This is an excerpt of a draft of a book I am writing with Judith Plaskow, tentatively titled Goddess and God After Feminism: Body, Nature, and Power.

Carol P. Christ, a founding mother in the study of women and religion, feminist theology, women’s spirituality, and the Goddess movement, has been active in peace and justice movements all of her adult life.  She teaches online courses in the Women’s Spirituality program at CIIS. Her books include She Who Changes and Rebirth of the Goddess and the widely used anthologies Womanspirit Rising and Weaving the Visions.  One of her great joys is leading Goddess Pilgrimages to Crete through Ariadne Institute

Author: Carol P. Christ

Carol P. Christ is a leading feminist historian of religion and theologian who leads the Goddess Pilgrimage to Crete, a life transforming tour for women. www.goddessariadne.org

17 thoughts on “Goddess as Love: From Experience To Thealogy by Carol P. Christ”

  1. What a beautiful reflection! I have been hearing stories of late about colleagues of mine being at the deathbed of their parents. The one you told is so powerful – connecting love with divinity with dead — all very powerful stuff!


  2. Please forgive me if this comes up twice..this is so beautiful..an touching..I have read some of your articles in Sage women magazine..The Goddes is very comforting..Thanks..Carole


  3. The Goddess must be love. I see Love as the feminine polarity of the divine, and creativity or action the masculine. Both are of value, but there is nothing better than love, and no greater think for women to be aligned with.
    As we find this in ourselves, the power to love unconditionally, we will change all our relationships and change the world. It is a simple task that we can all do. Women’s power is great and we are everywhere. Love – which may be known as respect, honoring, appreciation, gratitude or other names – is unquestionably the answer to every issue we face today.


    1. I don’t separate qualities into masculine and feminine. In Old Europe all creative capacities were symbolized by the Goddess and women were the active and creative inventors of agriculture, pottery, and weaving. Don’t see anything masculine about actively creating something new. And I don’t see why love is feminine if men can do it too!


      1. Thanks Carol,
        We need to get past the ancient factors that made for a separation of male and female virtues. I think that one divisive factor was environmental decline in much of the ancient Middle East, which made it ever harder for women to grow gardens and raise animals while caring for their children. In increasingly arid areas, the roles of nurturing children and of going out to get the means of life were forced apart, into male and female roles. In that case, women seemed to become the non-economic sex, and men the non-nurturing sex. Later these conditions became culturally imposed by force of tradition. Now, of course, it’s all counter-productive. We all need to find a common capacity to love and nurture life


  4. I like your emphasis and description here of going from experience (of all encompassing love) to thealogy. I took part in the WATER teleconference with Judith Plaskow where she talked about the book you and she are writing. I look forward to its completion and publication.


  5. Carol, Thank you for sharing this! So beautiful, so powerful. Having lost my own mother, I understand the recognition of never loving anyone as much as her. Our mothers play a role that no one else can ever fill. I am so looking forward to your and Judith’s book!


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